The first Porsche that appeared in 1948 was unequivocally a Volkswagen. It bore the number 356 with reference to the sequence of projects begun by Ferdinand Porsche in 1930: in fact, the 356 had been designed by his son Ferry with the collaboration of Karl Rabe.
First of a family
The 356 prototype used many Volkswagen elements, such as the chassis, transmission and suspension. It had a steel frame, with a very aerodynamic aluminum body with a small flat 1311 cc air-cooled engine placed in front of the rear axle for better weight distribution. In 1951, two more powerful 1.3 and 1.5 liter engines were introduced.
A first series of 46 cars were built in Austria; in 1950 the factory moved to Stuttgart where production continued with various derivative models. The 356A model went into production in 1955 (21,045 were built) in coupe and spider versions, and the Speedster soon replaced by the first Carrera. The 356B was produced between 1959 and 1963 (30,963 specimens) as coupé and convertible, also mounting the 1.6-liter VW with which it could reach 161 km / h (the Super 90 exceeded 176 km / h with acceleration from 0 to 100 Km / h in just 10 seconds). Production ended with the 356C (1,688 copies) in 1963-65.
Rear, 4 opposed cylinders, Displacement 1582 cc, Bore and stroke 82.5 x 74 mm, Max power 95 HP at 5800 rpm, Overhead camshaft distribution.
Rear-wheel drive with four-speed gearbox.
SUSPENSION ANT. independent, transverse torsion bars and telescopic shock absorbers. POST SUSPENSION oscillating drive shafts with trailing arms, torsion bar and transverse leaf spring. Disk brakes.
Dimensions / weight
Wheelbase 210 cm, Front track 130 cm, track post. 127 cm.
MAX SPEED 185 Km/h.